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  • Writer's pictureAmy Duffy-Barnes

Understanding Double Empathy: Building Bridges between Autistic and Non-Autistic Individuals

In recent years, a concept called "double empathy" has gained recognition as a framework for understanding and improving the interactions between autistic and non-autistic individuals. As we explore the depths of autism and delve into the concept of double empathy, this article aims to provide informative insights from an autistic perspective, inviting everyone to embark on a journey of understanding, connection, and acceptance.


Autism is a neurotype that is distinctly different from non-autistic or allistic neurotype. It is characterized by differences in social communication, sensory processing, and behaviors. Autistic individuals often perceive and interact with the world in unique ways due to differences in how their brains are wired. It is important to recognize that autism is not a deficiency or disorder, but rather a natural variation in human neurodiversity, bringing with it a wide range of strengths and challenges.

What is Double Empathy?

Double empathy challenges the traditional belief that autistic individuals are solely responsible for communication difficulties between themselves and non-autistic individuals. It asserts that successful understanding and empathy require effort and understanding from both sides. Double empathy encourages us to acknowledge and appreciate the distinct ways in which autistic individuals communicate and interpret the world.

Autistic Perspective on Double Empathy

From an autistic perspective, double empathy highlights the importance of recognizing and valuing our unique experiences and perspectives. It acknowledges that conventional social norms and communication styles may not align with how we naturally navigate the world. By embracing double empathy, we aim for authentic understanding, where both autistic and non-autistic individuals actively listen, learn, and connect with empathy and respect. By accepting double empathy we accept that the allistic standards are not more valid than autistic standards.

Building Bridges: Strategies for Fostering Double Empathy

To foster double empathy and create a more inclusive society, we can implement various strategies:

  1. Education and Awareness: Promote accurate and comprehensive information about autism to dispel stereotypes and misconceptions. Encourage open conversations, share personal stories, and provide opportunities for learning about the diversity within the autistic community.

  2. Active Listening and Validation: Develop active listening skills to genuinely understand the experiences and perspectives of autistic individuals. Show respect for different communication styles and validate their lived experiences.

  3. Embracing Neurodiversity: Move beyond mere acceptance and embrace the concept of neurodiversity. Recognize and celebrate the unique strengths and contributions of neurodivergent individuals, including autistic individuals.

  4. Collaboration and Co-creation: Ensure that autistic individuals have a meaningful say in decisions that affect their lives. Involve them in the development of policies, programs, and services to ensure their needs and perspectives are accurately represented. Discontinue the acceptance of allistic voices speaking over autistic voices to define the experience and needs of the autistic population.

Double empathy is a powerful concept that encourages understanding and connection between autistic and non-autistic individuals. By embracing double empathy, we recognize that empathy and understanding are responsibilities shared by everyone involved. Only when we stop accepting allistic or neurotypical standards being imposed on autistic people will be able to break down barriers, cultivate empathy, and foster a society that celebrates the diversity and unique perspectives of autistic individuals. Only then will we end our society's rampant discrimination against autistic ways of social interactions, connections, and ways of being in the world. Through education, active listening, embracing neurodiversity, and collaborative efforts, we can build bridges of understanding and create a more inclusive world for all. A world where the autistic neurotype is accepted.

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